Kids Family Dental
1591 Route 22, Building 2, Brewster, NY 10509

Glossary of Dental Terms

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
My boys love Dr. Brown! We come from Poughkeepsie to see him. It’s worth the 45 minute drive to make sure my boys are comfortable! The staff is great! I highly recommend Kids Family Dentist.
Christina
Took my nephew for the first time and it was a great experience. The staff are very pleasant and the doctor was both patient and gentle with my nephew. I definitely recommend anyone with children to […]
Shania R.
Great doctors nurses and overall practice, very clean and so geared towards kids which made our little girls experience a lot of fun she loved Dr Brown and everyone was so nice she will be looking […]
Caroline C.
Love this practice. All the staff is friendly and helpful. The environment is clean and kid friendly, making it more inviting rather than intimidating. So far it’s been a good experience for my […]
Barbara D.
I love kids family dental. They made my family experience there very pleasant and the little ones love going. From the smiling faces of the front desk girls to the wonderful doctor and assistants […]
Lorraine W.
This office is absolutely, hands down the best place to bring children. My sons Ethan and Sean love it here, and this mom couldn’t be happier. Dr. Brown and his staff are amazing with my kids. […]
Christina D.
You cannot go wrong if Dr. Brown is your dentist! He is absolutely amazing. Patient, kind, and truly wants what is best for the kids he sees. My son is timid and gets nervous easily, but Dr Brown […]
Anonymous
My son Ethan isn’t the easiest patient when it comes to the dentist. Dr. Brown and his amazing staff are so wonderful and made Ethan’s experience an amazing one. Dr. Brown was born to be […]
Christina D.
My husband loved his first experience taking our very scared & nervous 5 yr old for some cavity emergency work. We were all pleased parents & kids alike.
Eva Z.
my whole family enjoyed the experience! the assistant Jessica J was very pleasant & helpful :))
Jordan W.
Dr.Brown was wonderful with my son Maxwell. I would definitely return and recommend him to others. Great job!!!! ##
Karyn E.
Dr. Brown and his staff is by far the best dental practice I’ve brought my children to in the last 30 years. Entering the building and office you see how much attention to detail to make our […]
Nick B.
Dr. Brown was excellent. Very knowledgeable and patient in explaining everything.
Devin D.
It was a pleasant experience . The staff was attentive and caring with my child, will continue to see them.
Alani F.
Dr. Brown and all of staff was very accommodating and extremely professional. They were also a well informed team that work together wonderfully. I would recommend anyone to this dentist office.
Latrell A.
Nice office, wonderful and caring staff!!!!! $$
Lisa P.
Great staff!!!! My kids are VERY comfortable coming here Dr.Brown is awesome with kids, I love bringing my children here.
Josbeltys P.
my brother chase was nervous at first but Dr.brown’s method to just lay him across our laps worked. chase watched tv and relaxed the entire time. Kids family dental is an amazing place to bring […]
Symone H.
I love Kids Family Dental, very professional and great with kids.
Demetria B.
My family and I always have an amazing experience here! Dr. Brown is so kind and everyone is very kind and friendly! Hands down the best dentist my family and I have ever encountered! :))
Sierra S.
Office Hours
Mon. – 10:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Tue. – 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Wed. – 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Thu. – 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Fri. – 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Sat. – 8:30 AM - 3:30 PM
Sun. – Closed
Phone: (845) 764-9572
Fax: (845) 279-2400
Healthcare Financing with
CareCredit
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here

For appointments, call us at: (845) 764-9572 or
Request an Appointment
For appointments, call: (845) 764-9572
Office Hours
  • Monday 10:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • Tuesday 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Wednesday 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Thursday 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Friday 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Saturday 8:30 AM - 3:30 PM
  • Sunday Closed
Get in touch:
  • Phone: (845) 764-9572
Our Location